What are cataracts?

Cataracts are a common condition that affects the lenses of your eyes. Cataracts occur when the normally clear lenses become cloudy, causing blurred vision and other vision problems.

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Here are some important things to know about cataracts:

  1. Symptoms: The most common symptoms of cataracts include cloudy or blurred vision, sensitivity to light, difficulty seeing at night, double vision, and fading or yellowing of colors.

  2. Causes: Cataracts are most commonly caused by aging, but they can also be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, UV exposure, smoking, diabetes, and certain medications.

  3. Diagnosis: Cataracts can be diagnosed with a comprehensive eye exam, which may include a visual acuity test, a dilated eye exam, and other tests to measure your eye’s response to light.

  4. Treatment: The most effective treatment for cataracts is surgery to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial lens. Cataract surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis. In some cases, cataracts may be managed with changes to your eyeglass prescription or other treatments, but surgery is the only way to remove cataracts completely.

  5. Prevention: There are several steps you can take to prevent or delay the development of cataracts, including wearing sunglasses that block UV rays, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine, and managing any medical conditions that increase your risk of cataracts.

  6. Importance of Treatment: It’s important to seek treatment for cataracts if you experience symptoms, as untreated cataracts can lead to vision loss and blindness. Cataract surgery is a safe and effective way to restore your vision and improve your quality of life.

If you’re experiencing cataract symptoms, talk to your eye doctor. They can help determine the underlying cause of your cataracts and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you. Early treatment is important to prevent complications and improve your quality of life.